I don't understand how RNA codes the amino acids. I do understand that there is a mRNA and a tRNA and that there is more than one code for an amino acid. This is what's confusing, I copied something from your website.
"This cousin is the cgc-transfer-RNA, and she holds the correct amino acid on her top. Her amino acid is called 'alanine'. The cgc anti-codon on her bottom matches up with my codon gcg. In nucleotide language, gcg means: Put alanine here. "
Can the cgc anti-codon match up with the gcg because they both code for
alanine? Thanks so much for the trying to help.
The codon and anti-codon really attach to each other. The 'c' on one attaches to a 'g' on the other, and 'a' attaches to 't'. One codon will not mate, or attach, to the wrong anti-codon because of this.
Let's try this with a silly analogy. Let say that you and a girl friend and both of your boyfriends get bunches of clones. Then you all hold hands in threes and make triplet codons and triplet anti-codons. The only way a codon will match an anti-codon is if the anti-codon order has the correct boyfriend across from the correct girl friend.
Let me know if this helps some. If you need more information or another approach, just let me know and we will try again.
The fact that you are trying to understand this shows that you could be
a very good scientist indeed ! Keep up the good effort.
I get this part.
A C G C T A C G C A ? T A C T C T C A A G T C G T A C G
T G C G A T G C G T ? A T G A G A G T T C A G C A T G C
U G C G A U G C G U G A U G A G A G U U C A G C A U G C
polypeptide chain given
methionine-arginine-asparate-alanine ______ serine-alanine-cysteine
I see the serine,alanine,cysteine segment but the rest doesn't seem to
be right. I sincerely appreciate your help but will understand if this
question is too much to ask.
First, no red letters came through. But, I do see a ? in the DNA strands. You can tell that the top strand is a C and the bottom a G from the sequence in the mRNA.
There are three AUG's in your mRNA, but the first seems to be the start
of the particular amino acid sequence. I can get the
As for the wobble hypothesis, it is to explain the multiple codons that
code for a single amino acid. Since there are 64 combinations of triplets
and only 20 amino acids, something has to happen in nature. Scientists so
came up with this hypothesis to explain the variability of codons. They do
see a pattern in the third position of the codon being the one with the
most variation in the set of triplets that code for any one amino acids.
They suggest that that position's "wobble" allows a bit of genetic 'give'
to the DNA sequence before a mutation causes havoc in protein sequences.
Also, this "wobble" in the triplets allow for less tight binding between
codons and anti-codons, so that the correct amino acid can be incorporated
into a peptide chain, even if a slight mistake occurs with the t-RNA
recognition. That leaves the entire system a bit resistant to 'mistakes'.
But your website is just my speed!! So please, explain things to me like you would a high school student :)
That's the problem I'm having. The question is directly from the worksheet. I, too, was beginning to think there was an error in the question. Unfortunately, I'm taking a distance education course and the instructor is not very "interactive". You've been much more helpful. I will contact the instructor.
Thanks again for your assistance!!
It does not take DNA to make DNA. In most cells and viruses, DNA is the primary template (or sequence used to make duplicates). But, in some viruses, RNA is used to make messenger RNA and DNA. These kinds of viruses are called "retro-viruses" because they seem to be doing it backward from all other cells and viruses.
The task of copying DNA or making messenger RNA is a large one. And, except for those retro-viruses, cells and the rest of the viruses only have the set of enzymes needed for using DNA as the template. It is the only way cells and most viruses can do it.
Keep asking those questions. You show a keen ability and you could be a
very good scientist.
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